On this day in history, September 24
|Updated: 9/23 5:27 pm
||Published: 9/23 5:26 pm
- 768 – Charlemagne is crowned the first King of the Franks.
- 1180 – Manuel I Komnenos, last Emperor of the Komnenian restoration dies. The Byzantine Empire slips into terminal decline.
- 1645 – Battle of Rowton Heath, Parliamentarian victory over a Royalist army commanded in person by King Charles
- 1664 – The Dutch Republic surrenders New Amsterdam to England.
- 1674 – Second Tantrik Coronation of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj.
- 1780 – Benedict Arnold flees to British Army lines when the arrest of British Major John André exposes Arnold's plot to surrender West Point.
- 1789 – The United States Congress passes the Judiciary Act which creates the office of the United States Attorney General and the federal judiciary system, and orders the composition of the Supreme Court of the United States.
- 1830 – Belgian Revolution: A revolutionary committee of notables forms the Provisional Government of Belgium.
- 1841 – The Sultan of Brunei cedes Sarawak to the United Kingdom.
- 1852 – The first airship powered by (a steam) engine, created by Henri Giffard, travels 17 miles (27 km) from Paris to Trappes.
- 1853 – Admiral Despointes formally takes possession of New Caledonia in the name of France.
- 1869 – "Black Friday": Gold prices plummet after Ulysses S. Grant orders the Treasury to sell large quantities of gold after Jay Gould and James Fisk plot to control the market.
- 1877 – Battle of Shiroyama, decisive victory of the Imperial Japanese Army over the Satsuma Rebellion
- 1890 – The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints officially renounces polygamy.
- 1906 – U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt proclaims Devils Tower in Wyoming as the nation's first National Monument.
- 1914 – World War I: The Siege of Przemyśl (present-day Poland) begins.
- 1932 – Gandhi and Dr. B. R. Ambedkar agree to the Poona Pact, which reserved seats in the Indian provincial legislatures for the "Depressed Classes" (Untouchables).
- 1935 – Earl Bascom and Weldon Bascom produce the first rodeo ever held outdoors under electric lights at Columbia, Mississippi
- 1946 – Cathay Pacific Airways is founded in Hong Kong.
- 1946 – Clark Clifford and George Elsey, military advisers to U.S. President Harry S. Truman, present him with a top-secret report on the Soviet Union that first recommends the containment policy.
- 1948 – The Honda Motor Company is founded.
- 1950 – Forest fires black out the sun over portions of Canada and New England. A blue moon is seen as far away as Europe.
- 1957 – Camp Nou, the largest stadium in Europe, is opened in Barcelona.
- 1957 – President Dwight D. Eisenhower sends 101st Airborne Division troops to Little Rock, Arkansas, to enforce desegregation.
- 1960 – USS Enterprise (CVN-65), the world's first nuclear-powered aircraft carrier, is launched.
- 1962 – United States court of appeals orders the University of Mississippi to admit James Meredith.
- 1968 – 60 Minutes debuts on CBS.
- 1968 – Swaziland joins the United Nations.
- 1973 – Guinea-Bissau declares its independence from Portugal.
- 1979 – CompuServe launches the first consumer internet service, which features the first public electronic mail service.
- 1990 – Periodic Great White Spot is observed on Saturn.
- 1996 – Representatives of 71 nations sign the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty at the United Nations.
- 2005 – Hurricane Rita makes landfall in the United States, devastating Beaumont, Texas and portions of southwestern Louisiana.
- 2007 – Between 30,000 and 100,000 people take part in anti-government protests in Yangon, Burma, the largest in 20 years.
- 2009 – The G20 summit begins in Pittsburgh with 30 global leaders in attendance. It marks the first use of LRAD in U.S. history.
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