On this day in history, September 10
|Updated: 9/11 1:16 pm
||Published: 9/11 1:15 pm
- 506 – The bishops of Visigothic Gaul meet in the Council of Agde.
- 1419 – John the Fearless, Duke of Burgundy is assassinated by adherents of the Dauphin, the future Charles VII of France.
- 1509 – An earthquake known as "The Lesser Judgment Day" hits Constantinople.
- 1515 – Thomas Wolsey is invested as a Cardinal
- 1547 – The Battle of Pinkie Cleugh, the last full scale military confrontation between England and Scotland, resulting in a decisive victory for the forces of Edward VI.
- 1561 – Fourth Battle of Kawanakajima – Takeda Shingen defeats Uesugi Kenshin in the climax of their ongoing conflicts.
- 1570 – Spanish Jesuit missionaries land in present-day Virginia to establish the short-lived Ajacán Mission.
- 1608 – John Smith is elected council president of Jamestown, Virginia.
- 1776 – American Revolutionary War: Nathan Hale volunteers to spy for the Continental Army.
- 1798 – At the Battle of St. George's Caye, British Honduras defeats Spain.
- 1813 – The United States defeats the British Fleet at the Battle of Lake Erie during the War of 1812.
- 1823 – Simón Bolívar is named President of Peru.
- 1846 – Elias Howe is granted a patent for the sewing machine.
- 1858 – George Mary Searle discovers the asteroid 55 Pandora.
- 1897 – Lattimer massacre: A sheriff's posse kills 20 unarmed immigrant miners in Pennsylvania, United States.
- 1898 – Empress Elizabeth of Austria is assassinated by Luigi Lucheni.
- 1918 – Russian Civil War: The Red Army captures Kazan.
- 1919 – Austria and the Allies sign the Treaty of Saint-Germain recognizing the independence of Poland, Hungary, Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia.
- 1932 – The New York City Subway's third competing subway system, the municipally-owned IND, is opened.
- 1936 – First World Individual Motorcycle Speedway Championship, Held at London's (England) Wembley Stadium
- 1937 – Nine nations attend the Nyon Conference to address international piracy in the Mediterranean Sea.
- 1939 – World War II: The submarine HMS Oxley is mistakenly sunk by the submarine HMS Triton near Norway and becomes the Royal Navy's first loss.
- 1939 – World War II: Canada declares war on Nazi Germany, joining the Allies – France, the United Kingdom, New Zealand and Australia.
- 1942 – World War II: The British Army carries out an amphibious landing on Madagascar to re-launch Allied offensive operations in the Madagascar Campaign.
- 1943 – World War II: German forces begin their occupation of Rome.
- 1946 – While riding a train to Darjeeling, Sister Teresa Bojaxhiu of the Loreto Sisters' Convent claimed to have heard the call of God, directing her "to leave the convent and help the poor while living among them". She would become known asMother Teresa.
- 1960 – At the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome, Abebe Bikila becomes the first sub-Saharan African to win a gold medal, winning the marathon in bare feet.
- 1961 – Italian Grand Prix, a crash causes the death of German Formula One driver Wolfgang von Trips and 13 spectators who are hit by his Ferrari.
- 1967 – The people of Gibraltar vote to remain a British dependency rather than becoming part of Spain.
- 1972 – The United States suffers its first loss of an international basketball game in a disputed match against the Soviet Union at the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich, Germany.
- 1974 – Guinea-Bissau gains independence from Portugal.
- 1976 – A British Airways Hawker Siddeley Trident and an Inex-Adria DC-9 collide near Zagreb, Yugoslavia, killing 176.
- 1977 – Hamida Djandoubi, convicted of torture and murder, is the last person to be executed by guillotine in France.
- 1987 – Pope John Paul II starts his 11-day papal visit to Fort Simpson, Canada and afterwards to several southern and western cities in the United States.
- 1990 – The Basilica of Our Lady of Peace in Yamoussoukro, Côte d'Ivoire, the largest church in Africa, is consecrated by Pope John Paul II.
- 2000 – Operation Barras successfully frees six British soldiers held captive for over two weeks and contributes to the end of the Sierra Leone Civil War.
- 2001 – Charles Ingram cheats his way into winning one million pounds on a British version of Who Wants to be a Millionaire.
- 2001 – Antonio da Costa Santos, mayor of Campinas, Brazil is assassinated.
- 2002 – Switzerland, traditionally a neutral country, joins the United Nations.
- 2003 – Anna Lindh, the foreign minister of Sweden, is fatally stabbed while shopping, and dies the following day.
- 2007 – Former Prime Minister of Pakistan Nawaz Sharif returns to Pakistan after seven years in exile, following a military coup in October 1999.
- 2008 – The Large Hadron Collider at CERN, described as the biggest scientific experiment in history, is powered up in Geneva, Switzerland.
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