On this day in history, January 6
|Updated: 1/06 6:51 pm
||Published: 1/06 6:50 pm
- 1066 – Harold Godwinson (or Harold II) is crowned King of England.
- 1118 – Reconquista: Alfonso the Battler conquers Zaragoza.
- 1205 – Philip of Swabia becomes King of the Romans.
- 1322 – Stephen Uroš III is crowned King of Serbia.
- 1355 – Charles I of Bohemia is crowned with the Iron Crown of Lombardy as King of Italy in Milan.
- 1449 – Constantine XI is crowned Byzantine Emperor at Mystras.
- 1492 – Ferdinand and Isabella The Catholic Monarchs enter Granada, completing the Reconquista.
- 1540 – King Henry VIII of England marries Anne of Cleves.
- 1579 – The Union of Arras is signed.
- 1661 – English Restoration: The Fifth Monarchists unsuccessfully attempt to seize control of London, England.
- 1690 – Joseph, son of Emperor Leopold I, becomes King of the Romans.
- 1721 – The Committee of Inquiry on the South Sea Bubble publishes its findings.
- 1781 – In the Battle of Jersey, the British defeat the last attempt by France to invade Jersey.
- 1809 – Combined British, Portuguese and colonial Brazilian forces begin the Invasion of Cayenne during the Napoleonic Wars.
- 1838 – Alfred Vail demonstrates a telegraph system using dots and dashes (this is the forerunner of Morse code).
- 1839 – The most damaging storm in 300 years sweeps across Ireland, damaging or destroying more than 20% of the houses in Dublin.
- 1853 – President-elect of the United States Franklin Pierce and his family are involved in a train wreck near Andover, Massachusetts. Pierce's 11-year-old son Benjamin is killed in the crash.
- 1870 – The inauguration of the Musikverein in Vienna, Austria.
- 1893 – The Washington National Cathedral is chartered by Congress. The charter is signed by President Benjamin Harrison.
- 1900 – Second Boer War: Having already sieged the fortress at Ladysmith, Boer forces attack it, but are driven back by British defenders.
- 1907 – Maria Montessori opens her first school and daycare center for working class children in Rome, Italy.
- 1912 – New Mexico is admitted as the 47th U.S. state.
- 1912 – German geophysicist Alfred Wegener first presents his theory of continental drift.
- 1921 – Formation of the Iraqi Army.
- 1929 – King Alexander of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes suspends his country's constitution (the January 6th Dictatorship).
- 1929 – Mother Teresa arrives in Calcutta, India to begin her work among India's poorest and sick people.
- 1930 – The first diesel-engined automobile trip is completed, from Indianapolis, Indiana, to New York, New York.
- 1931 – Thomas Edison submits his last patent application.
- 1941 – United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt delivers his Four Freedoms speech in the State of the Union address.
- 1947 – Pan American Airlines becomes the first commercial airline to schedule a flight around the world.
- 1950 – The United Kingdom recognizes the People's Republic of China. The Republic of China severs diplomatic relations with the UK in response.
- 1951 – Ganghwa massacre: Korean War.
- 1953 – The first Asian Socialist Conference opens in Rangoon, Burma.
- 1960 – National Airlines Flight 2511 is destroyed in mid-air by a bomb, while en route from New York City to Miami, Florida.
- 1960 – The Associations Law comes into force in Iraq, allowing registration of political parties.
- 1967 – Vietnam War: United States Marine Corps and ARVN troops launch "Operation Deckhouse Five" in the Mekong River delta.
- 1974 – In response to the 1973 oil crisis, daylight saving time commences nearly four months early in the United States.
- 1978 – The Crown of St. Stephen (also known as the Holy Crown of Hungary) is returned to Hungary from the United States, where it was held after World War II.
- 1992 – President of Georgia Zviad Gamsakhurdia flees the country as a result of the military coup.
- 1993 – Indian Border Security Force units kill 55 Kashmiri civilians in Sopore, Jammu and Kashmir, in revenge after militants ambushed a BSF patrol.
- 1994 – Nancy Kerrigan is clubbed on the knee at the U.S. Figure Skating Championships in Detroit, Michigan.
- 1995 – A chemical fire in an apartment complex in Manila, Philippines, leads to the discovery of plans for Project Bojinka, a mass-terrorist attack.
- 2005 – American Civil Rights Movement: Edgar Ray Killen is arrested as a suspect in the 1964 murders of three civil rights workers.
- 2005 – A train collision in Graniteville, South Carolina, releases about 60 tons of chlorine gas.
- 2009 – Israel conducts an assault on Gaza. Operation Cast Lead
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