On this day in history, August 6
|Updated: 8/05 5:21 pm
||Published: 8/05 5:20 pm
- 1284 – The Republic of Pisa is defeated in the Battle of Meloria by the Republic of Genoa, thus losing its naval dominance in the Mediterranean.
- 1506 – The Grand Duchy of Lithuania defeated the Crimean Khanate in the Battle of Kletsk
- 1538 – Bogotá, Colombia, is founded by Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada.
- 1661 – The Treaty of The Hague is signed by Portugal and the Dutch Republic.
- 1777 – American Revolutionary War: The bloody Battle of Oriskany prevents American relief of the Siege of Fort Stanwix.
- 1787 – Sixty proof sheets of the Constitution of the United States are delivered to the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
- 1806 – Francis II, the last Holy Roman Emperor, abdicates ending the Holy Roman Empire.
- 1819 – Norwich University is founded in Vermont as the first private military school in the United States.
- 1825 – Bolivia gains independence from Spain.
- 1845 – The Russian Geographical Society is founded in Saint Petersburg, Russia.
- 1861 – The United Kingdom annexes Lagos, Nigeria.
- 1862 – American Civil War: the Confederate ironclad CSS Arkansas is scuttled on the Mississippi River after suffering damage in a battle with USS Essex near Baton Rouge, Louisiana.
- 1870 – Franco-Prussian War: the Battle of Spicheren is fought, resulting in a Prussian victory.
- 1870 – Franco-Prussian War: the Battle of Wörth results in a decisive Prussian victory.
- 1890 – At Auburn Prison in New York, murderer William Kemmler becomes the first person to be executed by electric chair.
- 1901 – Kiowa land in Oklahoma is opened for white settlement, effectively dissolving the contiguous reservation.
- 1912 – The Bull Moose Party meets at the Chicago Coliseum.
- 1914 – World War I: First Battle of the Atlantic – two days after the United Kingdom had declared war on Germany over the German invasion of Belgium, ten German U-boats leave their base in Heligoland to attack Royal Navy warships in theNorth Sea.
- 1914 – World War I: Serbia declares war on Germany; Austria declares war on Russia.
- 1915 – World War I: Battle of Sari Bair – the Allies mount a diversionary attack timed to coincide with a major Allied landing of reinforcements at Suvla Bay.
- 1917 – World War I: Battle of Mărăşeşti between the Romanian and German armies begins.
- 1926 – Gertrude Ederle becomes the first woman to swim across the English Channel.
- 1926 – In New York, New York, the Warner Bros.' Vitaphone system premieres with the movie Don Juan starring John Barrymore.
- 1930 – Judge Joseph Force Crater steps into a taxi in New York and disappears never to be seen again.
- 1940 – Estonia was illegally annexed by the Soviet Union.
- 1942 – Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands becomes the first reigning queen to address a joint session of the United States Congress.
- 1945 – World War II: Hiroshima, Japan is devastated when the atomic bomb "Little Boy" is dropped by the United States B-29 Enola Gay. Around 70,000 people are killed instantly, and some tens of thousands die in subsequent years from burns and radiation poisoning.
- 1956 – After going bankrupt in 1955, the American broadcaster DuMont Television Network makes its final broadcast, a boxing match from St. Nicholas Arena in New York in the Boxing from St. Nicholas Arena series.
- 1960 – Cuban Revolution: Cuba nationalizes American and foreign-owned property in the nation.
- 1962 – Jamaica becomes independent from the United Kingdom.
- 1964 – Prometheus, a bristlecone pine and the world's oldest tree, is cut down.
- 1965 – US President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Voting Rights Act of 1965 into law.
- 1976 – Zulfikar Ali Bhutto lays the foundation stone of Port Qasim, Karachi.
- 1986 – A low-pressure system that redeveloped off the New South Wales coast dumps a record 328 millimeters (13 inches) of rain in a day on Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
- 1988 – The Tompkins Square Park Riot in New York City spurs a reform of the NYPD, held responsible for the event.
- 1990 – Gulf War: the United Nations Security Council orders a global trade embargo against Iraq in response to Iraq's invasion of Kuwait.
- 1991 – Tim Berners-Lee releases files describing his idea for the World Wide Web. WWW debuts as a publicly available service on the Internet.
- 1991 – Takako Doi, chair of the Social Democratic Party, becomes Japan's first female speaker of the House of Representatives.
- 1996 – NASA announces that the ALH 84001 meteorite, thought to originate from Mars, contains evidence of primitive life-forms.
- 2001 – Erwadi fire incident, 28 mentally ill persons tied to chain were burnt to death at a faith based institution at Erwadi, Tamil Nadu.
- 2008 – A military junta led by Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz stages a coup d'état in Mauritania, overthrowing president Sidi Ould Cheikh Abdallahi.
- 2010 – Flash floods across a large part of Jammu and Kashmir, India, damages 71 towns and kills at least 255 people.
- 2011 – A peaceful march in protest of the death of Mark Duggan in Tottenham, London ends in a riot, sparking off a wave of rioting throughout the country over the following four nights.
- 2012 – NASA's Curiosity rover lands on the surface of Mars.
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