On this day in history, August 30
|Updated: 8/28 4:23 pm
||Published: 8/28 4:21 pm
- 526 – King Theodoric the Great dies of dysentery at Ravenna; his daughter Amalasuntha takes power as regent for her 10-year old son Athalaric.
- 1363 – Beginning date of the Battle of Lake Poyang; the forces of two Chinese rebel leaders — Chen Youliang and Zhu Yuanzhang — are pitted against each other in what is one of the largest naval battles in history, during the last decade of the ailing, Mongol-led Yuan Dynasty.
- 1574 – Guru Ram Das becomes the Fourth Sikh Guru/Master.
- 1590 – Tokugawa Ieyasu enters Edo Castle. (Traditional Japanese date: August 1, 1590)
- 1791 – HMS Pandora sinks after having run aground on a reef the previous day.
- 1799 – The entire Dutch fleet is captured by British forces under the command of Sir Ralph Abercromby and Admiral Sir Charles Mitchell during the Second Coalition of the French Revolutionary Wars.
- 1800 – Gabriel Prosser postpones a planned slave rebellion in Richmond, Virginia, but is arrested before he can make it happen.
- 1813 – First Battle of Kulm: French forces are defeated by an Austrian-Prussian-Russian alliance.
- 1813 – Creek War – Fort Mims massacre: Creek "Red Sticks" kill over 500 settlers (including over 250 armed militia) in Fort Mims, north of Mobile, Alabama.
- 1835 – Melbourne is founded.
- 1836 – The city of Houston is founded by Augustus Chapman Allen and John Kirby Allen
- 1862 – American Civil War – Battle of Richmond: Confederates under Edmund Kirby Smith rout Union forces under General Horatio Wright.
- 1873 – Austrian explorers Julius von Payer and Karl Weyprecht discover the archipelago of Franz Joseph Land in the Arctic Sea.
- 1896 – Philippine Revolution: After Spanish victory in the Battle of San Juan del Monte, eight provinces in the Philippines are declared under martial law by the Spanish Governor-General Ramón Blanco y Erenas.
- 1897 – The town of Ambiky is captured by France from Menabe in Madagascar.
- 1909 – Burgess Shale fossils are discovered by Charles Doolittle Walcott.
- 1914 – World War I: Germans defeat the Russians in the Battle of Tannenberg
- 1918 – Fanny Kaplan shoots and seriously injures Bolshevik leader Vladimir Lenin. This, along with the assassination of Bolshevik senior official Moisei Uritsky days earlier, prompts the decree for Red Terror.
- 1922 – Battle of Dumlupinar: the final battle in the Greek-Turkish War ("Turkish War of Independence").
- 1940 – The Second Vienna Award re-assigns the territory of Northern Transylvania from Romania to Hungary.
- 1942 – World War II: the Battle of Alam Halfa begins.
- 1945 – Hong Kong is liberated from Japan by British Armed Forces.
- 1945 – The Supreme Commander of the Allied Forces, General Douglas MacArthur lands at Atsugi Air Force Base.
- 1945 – The Allied Control Council, governing Germany after World War II, comes into being.
- 1956 – The Lake Pontchartrain Causeway opens.
- 1962 – Japan conducts a test of the NAMC YS-11, its first aircraft since World War II and its only successful commercial aircraft from before or after the war.
- 1963 – The Hotline between the leaders of the U.S.A. and the Soviet Union goes into operation.
- 1967 – Thurgood Marshall is confirmed as the first African American Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States.
- 1974 – A Belgrade–Dortmund express train derails at the main train station in Zagreb killing 153 passengers.
- 1974 – A powerful bomb explodes at the Mitsubishi Heavy Industries headquarters in Marunouchi, Tokyo, Japan. 8 are killed, 378 are injured. Eight left-wing activists are arrested on May 19, 1975 by Japanese authorities.
- 1981 – President Mohammad-Ali Rajai and Prime Minister Mohammad-Javad Bahonar of Iran are assassinated in a bombing committed by the People's Mujahedin of Iran.
- 1984 – STS-41-D: The Space Shuttle Discovery takes off on its maiden voyage.
- 1995 – NATO launches Operation Deliberate Force against Bosnian Serb forces.
- 1998 – Second Congo War: Government troops and their Angolan and Zimbabwean allies recapture Matadi and the Inga dams in the western Democratic Republic of the Congo.
- 1999 – East Timor voted for independence from Indonesia in a referendum.
- 2003 – While being towed across the Barents Sea, the de-commissioned Russian submarine K-159 sinks, taking 9 of her crew and 800 kg of spent nuclear fuel with her.
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